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Tuesday, August 11, 2020 | History

3 edition of Methods for hydrologic monitoring of surface mining in the central-western United States found in the catalog.

Methods for hydrologic monitoring of surface mining in the central-western United States

Methods for hydrologic monitoring of surface mining in the central-western United States

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  • 40 Currently reading

Published by U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Geological Survey, [Books and Open-File Reports Section, distributor] in Denver, Colo .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Strip mining -- Environmental aspects -- Middle West,
  • Mine drainage -- Middle West,
  • Stream measurements -- Handbooks, manuals, etc,
  • Water -- Analysis -- Handbooks, manuals, etc

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographical references (p. 93-96)

    Statementby John T. Turk, Randolph S. Parker, and Robert S. Williams, Jr. ; prepared in cooperation with the U.S. Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement
    SeriesOpen-file report / U.S. Geological Survey -- 84-600, U.S. Geological Survey open-file report -- 84-600
    ContributionsParker, Randolph S, Williams, Robert S, United States. Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement, Geological Survey (U.S.)
    The Physical Object
    FormatMicroform
    Pagination2 microfiches
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL13612122M

    This chapter describes vital signs and contains options for monitoring surface and near-surface geothermal features, such as hot springs, geysers, mud pots, and fumaroles. systems exists over broad regions of the United States (Fig. 1). Although most of the geothermal systems occur in the western United States, isolated geothermal features   According to the WaSSI, most of the water stress in the United States is indicated in the west, where there are fewer surface water resources compared with the east. There are also indications of stress in the watersheds around the Great Lakes, along the Mississippi River, and sporadically along the Appalachian ://

      This method has been applied over the central United States in regional (Giorgi et al. ) and global models (Bosilovich and Schubert ), and over Eurasia (Numaguti ). Although more spatially precise than isotopic tracers, tracer modeling has its drawbacks as :// Natural Resource Damage Assessments of injuries to surface and ground water resources is expanding throughout the United States. In the Southwest, where water is scarce, precious to humans and the environment, and in many areas is depleted faster than it is replenished, the

      In the Central eastern United States and some spots in Europe (Fig. 3a,b), there was a smooth trend in the BST (near zero, Fig. 2b). Figure 3 Bare soil ://   Methods Applied to Evaluation of Recharge Rates at Low-Level and High-Level Radioactive Waste Disposal Facilities at Workshop on Chloride and 36Cl Studies in the Arid Southwest, Las Vegas, X., Scanlon, B. R., Schilling, K., and Sun, A. Y., , Relative importance of climate and land surface changes on hydrologic changes in the US


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Methods for hydrologic monitoring of surface mining in the central-western United States Download PDF EPUB FB2

METHODS FOR HYDROLOGIC MONITORING OF SURFACE MINING IN THE CENTRAL-WESTERN UNITED STATES By John T. Turk, Randolph S. Parker, and Robert S. Williams, Jr. ABSTRACT Concern over the possible hydrologic impacts of surface mining has resulted in the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of (Public Law ).

The regulations promulgated pursuant to the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act require the monitoring of potentially impacted hydrologic systems before, during, and after mining operations. This report details characteristics and processes that commonly determine the most acceptable approaches to hydrologic monitoring in the arid and semiarid central-western United :// Get this from a library.

Methods for hydrologic monitoring of surface mining in the central-western United States. [John T Turk; Randolph S Parker; Robert S Williams; United States. Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement.; Geological Survey (U.S.)]   CONCLUSION: The long-term cumulative consequences of large surface coal mining projects on the ground and surface water parameters are unknown.

RECOMMENDATION: A long-term research program of hydrologic monitoring should be provided for such sites. This monitoring may have to continue well beyond the current bond-release :// Strong variations in open-surface water body areas have impacted United States agriculture, economy, society, and ecosystems.

This study presents the uneven water-resource distribution across the contiguous United States with the western half of the United States having less water body area but stronger interannual variability compared with the eastern ://   Seismic network detection thresholds are highly heterogeneous, even across regions known for dense seismic monitoring like the western United States and Few hydrologic observing networks yield sufficient data for comprehensive monitoring of changes in the total amount of water stored in a region.

GRACE observations have helped to fill this gap. This book chapter is divided into five sections. Section introduces the various TWS components.

Section provides an overview of the GRACE :// Streamgages to assess changes in floods across the United States. Map showing the physiographic regions of the United States [Fenneman and Johnson, ] and streamgages that are classified as having minimal development and management of water resources within the contributing streamgages have at least 20 years of complete daily streamflow data between Mountaintop mining and valley fill (MTM/VF) coal extraction, practiced in the Central Appalachian region, represents a dramatic landscape-scale disturbance.

MTM operations remove as much as m of rock, soil, and vegetation from ridge tops to access deep coal seams and much of this material is placed in adjacent headwater streams altering landcover, drainage network, and :// Methods and Indicators for Assessment of Regional Ground-Water Conditions in the Southwestern United States - Simulated Effects of Ground-Water Withdrawals and Artificial Recharge on Discharge to Streams, Springs, and Riparian Vegetation in the Sierra Vista Subwatershed of the Upper San Pedro Basin, Southeastern Arizona.

The results show that (a) the droughts of the s and s were the most severe of the twentieth century for large areas; (b) the early s drought in the western United States is among the most severe in the period of record, especially for small areas and short durations; (c) the most severe agricultural droughts were also among the most Monitoring the dynamics of inland water bodies at a global scale is important for: (a) devising effective water management strategies, (b) assessing the impact of human actions on water security, (c) understanding the interplay between the spatio-temporal dynamics of surface water and climate change, and (d) near-real time mitigation and Surface coal mining accounts for nearly 63% of the total mines in the U.S.

(Table 1; National Mining Association, ) and dominates both the mining method and coal mine productivity. Table 2. Coal mine productivity in the U.S., – (average short tons per miner per hour; National Mining Association, ).

In the United States the patterns of precipitation, water use, and water management problems are highly variable. In examining these patterns it is common to divide the country into relatively dry and wet regions at the th :// Using Big Climate Data to Plan for Water Stress in the Western U.S.

(Undergraduate - 10 hrs/wk through Falleligible for renewal for up to two years) Many communities and industries across the United States, particularly in the Western U.S., already struggle to meet their water :// Currently almost 65 % of the coal in Australia is being produced by opencast mining methods.

Mining equipments such as draglines, dredgers or bucket wheel excavators, trucks and shovels, and   Aquifer overexploitation could significantly impact crop production in the United States because 60% of irrigation relies on groundwater.

Groundwater depletion in the irrigated High Plains and California Central Valley accounts for ∼50% of groundwater depletion in the United States since Human existence in the West, where users compete for limited surface water and diminishing groundwater reserves, has always been challenged by water scarcity.

As much of the western United States Surface coal mining in central Pennsylvania alters the physical and hydrological properties of soil from its undisturbed state and changes the surface hydrologic response to :// Aquifer overexploitation could significantly impact crop production in the United States because 60% of irrigation relies on groundwater.

Groundwater depletion in the irrigated High Plains and California Central Valley accounts for ∼50% of groundwater depletion in the United States since A newly developed High Plains recharge map shows that high recharge in the northern High Plains.

monitoring points on the San Bernadino National Forest. Figure Spring snail, Pyrgulopsis californiensis. Figure Western spadefoot toad, Spea hammondii. Figure Mitigation flow chart for the Arrowhead Tunnels Project. Figure Ground water regions of the United States (A), and alluvial valley aquifers (B).

Figure   mining operations (Doyle, ). Surface-mining operations permits require an evaluation of the prevailing hydrologic conditions of the mine-plan and adjacent areas. As the Federal agency specializing in hydrologic monitoring, the USGS played a lead role in the collection of regional hydrologic data in the major coal provinces of the United 1 Introduction.

Economic losses due to flooding have increased dramatically over recent decades, and flood hazards (the probability of high river flows and resulting inundation) are expected to grow as climate change accelerates the hydrologic cycle [Field et al., ; Kundzewicz et al., ].In the U.S., direct flood losses from to averaged US$ billion per year, and the